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Aikido Terms

Ai-hanmiMutual stance. Partners stand facing one another with the same foot forward
AikiHarmonising/Unification of ki
AshiFoot
AtemiA strike, hit or blow
AwaseBlending exercise with a partner using jo/bokken
BokkenWooden sword
ChiEarth
ChudanMiddle level eg chudan tsuki – strike to the abdomen
DeshiStudent, pupil, disciple
DoWay eg Aikido = The Way of Aiki
DojoTraining hall
Domo arigato gozamashitaThank you very much
DoriHolding eg Katadori – holding the gi at the shoulder
DozoPlease (used when giving permission)
Etsunen-geikoSpecial New Year’s Eve practice
FuritamaClasped hands/tanden shaking following torifune
FutaridoriBeing held by two opponents
GasshoPalms together, as if praying
GedanLower level eg Gedan Uchi – strike to legs/lower area of body
Geiko/KeikoPractice
Gi/KeikogiTraining suit
GiriCutting
GyakuReverse
GyakuhanmiOpposite stance. Partners stand with opposite feet forward
Gyakute“Reverse hand”. Holding the jo with the palm facing downwards.
Hachi no ji gaeshiFigure of eight circular movement
Haishin-undoBack stretch exercise
HajimeBegin
HanmiOblique stance. “Half body”
Hanmi-handachiTechniques performed with Tori (thrower) seated, Uke (attacker) standing
Happo giriEight direction cutting
HaraLower abdomen; physical and spiritual centre
HassoHolding jo or bokken vertically at right shoulder
HidariLeft
Hito e miBasic back triangle stance. “Making the body small”.
HoMethod eg Kokyu ho – breathing method
IrimiEntering with the body
Irimi-ashi“Back foot irimi”
IriminageBody-entering throw
JoStaff/stick, about 4-foot long
JodanUpper level eg Jodan tsuki – strike to the face
JujiCross, like the Roman numeral X
Junbi undoWarm-up exercises
Jusan no joThe 13-count jo kata
JutsuTechniques
Jyunte“Normal hand”. Holding the jo with the palm facing upwards.
KaitenTurning
KaitennageRotary throw
KamaePosture, stance
KamizaPlace in the dojo where O-Sensei’s picture is placed.
KataSeries of movements eg 13-count jo kata
KataShoulder eg Katadori – holding the gi at the shoulder
KatanaJapanese sword
KatateOne hand
KatatedoriOne hand held
Keiko/GeikoPractice
Keikogi/GiTraining suit
KenSword
KesaThe collar of the gi where it lies across the chest. A blow aimed along this line.
KesagiriSword cut along the line of the kesa
Ki“Energy”, “intention”
KihonBasic
KiriCutting
KiriotoshiCutting down
KizaSitting on the heels, supported by the toes (in seiza, the toes lie on the mat).
KohaiJunior
KokyuBreath
Kokyu-hoBreathing method
KokyunageBreath throw
Kokyu RyokuBreath power
KoshiHip
KoshinageHip throw
KoteWrist
KotegaeshiWrist out-turn
KotehineriWrist twist. Another name for Sankyo
KotemawashiWrist turn-in. Another name for Nikyo
KubiNeck
KubishimeNeck choke
MaaiDistance
Mae-ukemiForward ukemi
MakiwaraObject used for striking practice
MenStrike, blow, cut
MenuchiSame as Shomenuchi
MiBody eg Irimi – entering with the body
MigiRight
MisogiPurification practice
Mitori-GeikoLearning by observing others
MorotedoriUke (receiver) holds one of Tori’s (thrower’s) arms with both hands
MuneLapel
MunedoriHolding both lapels together, usually with one hand
MusubiUniting, bonding
NageThrow or thrower
NagewazaThrowing techniques
ObiBelt
OmoteFront
OnegaishimasuPlease (would you do this for me)
OsaePin, immobilisation
OtoshiDrop
OyowazaApplied techniques
ReiBow
RenzokuContinuous
Renzoku UchikomiContinuous striking attack
RyokataBoth shoulders
RyoteBoth hands
RyotedoriBoth of Tori’s hands held
RyotemochiHolding with both hands
SabakiMovement, motion
Sangaku or SankakuTriangle
SakeJapanese rice wine
SateSit down
SeizaSitting posture. “Good sitting”
SempaiSenior
SenseiInstructor, teacher
ShikkoKnee walking
ShimeStrangulation
ShimewazaStrangulation techniques
ShihonageFour-direction throw
ShizentaiNatural
ShomenuchiVertical blow to the head
SodeSleeve
SodedoriSleeve held
SokumenSide
SoremadeFinish
SotoOuter, outside eg Sotokaiten nage
SuburiStriking, cutting exercises with jo or bokken
Sumiotoshi“Corner drop”
SuwariwazaTechniques performed in a seated posture
TachiSword
TachiStanding
TachiwazaTechniques performed from a standing posture
TaiBody
Taijutsu“Body arts”
Tai no henkoBody turning
TaisabakiBody movement
TandenEnergy centre in the lower abdomen
Tanren UchiMakiwara practice with a bokken
TantoKnife
TatamiMat
TateStand up
TeHand eg Katate – one hand, Ryote – two hands
TegatanaThe edge of the hand. “Hand blade”
TenHeaven
TenchinageHeaven-earth throw
TenkanTurning
ToSword
TomaA great distance
ToriThe person who throws
Torifune“Rowing” exercise
Tsugi-ashi“Glide-walking”. “Forward foot irimi”
TsukiThrust, punch
UchiA strike
UchiInner eg Uchikaiten nage
UchideshiA disciple who lives in the dojo and acts as a trainee/attendant to a master
UdeArm
Udegarame“Arm entanglement”
UdekimenageAnother name for jujinage. “Arm focus throw”.
UdeosaeAnother name for Ikkyo. “Arm pin”.
UkeReceiver of technique
UkemiThe art of falling. “Receiving with the body”.
UraBehind, rear
Ura sankakuThe basic back triangle stance
UshiroFrom behind
Ushiro ukemiBackward breakfall
Ushiro KiriotoshiCutting down from behind
UshirowazaTechniques performed against an attack from behind
WazaTechnique
YameStop
YokomenuchiCircular strike to the head
YoiBe ready
ZaSitting
ZafuFirm cushion used for sitting in Zazen
ZanshinContinuing awareness after executing a technique
Zazen“Sitting Zen”
ZoriStraw sandals

Counting

IchiOne
NiTwo
SanThree
Shi/YonFour
GoFive
RokuSix
ShichiSeven
HachiEight
KuNine
JuTen
Ju-ichiEleven
Ju-niTwelve
Ni-juTwenty
Ni-ju-ichiTwenty one
Ni-ju-niTwenty two
San-juThirty
San-ju-ichiThirty one